California Educator

October / November 2018

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S T U D E N T S C O N S I S T E N T L Y identify the school cafeteria as the place where segregation and bullying are the worst. Studies have shown that interactions across group lines can help reduce prejudice and divisions based on socio- economic status, appearance and race. Have your school join Teaching Toler- ance in celebrating Mix It Up at Lunch Day, where students are encouraged to move out of their comfort zones and connect with someone new over lunch. Some schools get creative, with flash mobs, DJs and parades, but often a simple conversation can go a long way in bridging differences and finding com- monalities. And of course, students can mix it up every day, all year long. Register at OCTOBER: Filipino-American History Month / Larry Itliong Day, Oct. 25 I N T H E S U M M E R of 1965, Filipino farmwork- ers in Delano, fighting for better working conditions, were denied a pay raise by local grape growers. Labor leader Larry Itliong organized a walkout, and two weeks later convinced Cesar Chavez and Mexican farm- workers to join them. The strike would last five years and lead to the launch of the United Farm Workers union. San Francisco State University professor and CFA member Dawn Bohulano Mabulon was writing a biography of Itliong when she died unexpectedly in August. Her work addressing the dearth of Filipi- no-Americans' contributions to U.S. history and culture in media and literature continues, including a new children's book on Itliong that she co-wrote with Gayle Romasanta. The book is the first in a series on Filipino-American history that the authors hoped to produce. It coincides with enactment of AB 123 in 2015, which requires that students in grades 7-12 learn about the Filipino-Americans' role in California's labor movement. Order Jour- ney for Justice: The Life of Larry Itliong at Be a superhero at lunchtime. Illustration by Cierra Brinson, courtesy Teaching Tolerance NOVEMBER: American Indian Heritage Month T H E H I S T O R Y O F Cali- fornia's indigenous people was often a side note in the classroom until 2016, when the state updated its History-Social Studies framework. Now, for example, as public school fourth graders learn about Spanish missions, study has been broadened to include more information about how Native Californians lived before colonization and after establishment of the missions in the late 1700s-early 1800s. As the framework states, mis- sions are now taught as "sites of conflict, conquest and forced labor." The California Indian History Curriculum Coalition (CIHCC), coor- dinated by CFA member and Sacramento State University Professor Rose Borunda, has free, tribe-vetted online lesson plans and reading lists to supplement the standards, available at A related story is on page 52. From the Run4Salmon high school Teacher's Guide that accompanies a film segment by at Lunch Day, Oct. 23 Mix It Up 8 In the Know C A L E N D A R Oct./Nov.

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