California Educator

August 2016

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306,887 13 10.8 13,398 16,563 Number of credentialed teachers in California in 2015-16 AVERAGE YEARS TEACHING Average years in a given district Number of first-year teachers Number of second-year teachers Source: California Department of Education In July, the State Board of Education approved the History–Social Science Framework for California Public Schools, which will update and upgrade history and social science instruction in California. The Framework provides guidance to teachers, administrators and publishers for the teaching of history and social science. It includes more than 20 classroom examples that show teachers how they can integrate their instruction to build students' history–social science knowledge and skills, literacy skills, and English language development. "This document will improve the teaching and learning of history and social science," says state Superintendent of Public Instruction Tom Torlakson. "It will give our students access to the latest historical research and help them learn about the diversity of our state and the contributions of people and groups who may not have received the appropriate recognition in the past." The Framework adds information on civic learning, financial literacy, voter education, genocide, and the contributions of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer/ questioning (LGBTQ+) Americans and people with disabilities to the histor y of California and the U.S. Members of the public participated in the Framework's development. Many topics sparked debates, including "comfort women" in World War II, the Bataan Death March and the Battle of Manila, the roles of LGBTQ+ Americans in U.S. and California history, the Armenian Genocide, and discrimination faced by Sikh Americans. New History- Social Science Framework in Place Snapshot 1. Breathe from your diaphragm — your belly should expand and contract with each breath. Practicing deep, slow breathing increases your lung capacity, which allows you to speak evenly and comfortably. 2. Relax your neck and shoulders, and maintain good posture. 3. Speak in your natural voice. To find it, inhale deeply, open your mouth wide and exhale while making a "ha" sound. 4. Project your voice and control the volume of your voice by breathing from your diaphragm. Using your vocal cords to raise your voice will just leave you hoarse and fatigued. 5. Stay hydrated to keep your throat and nasal passages moist. 6. Practice your enunciation with tongue twisters. How to Use Your Teacher Voice 2 11 August 2016

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